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poorboy 發表於 2011-9-16 03:11 PM

advice與advise 用法上的分別

advice與advise 用法上的分別

一、advice用法

1.不可數名詞,若表示幾條建議或勸告,要借用 piece 這樣的詞。如:

This is a good piece of advice. 這是一條很好的建議。

2. 表示按照某人的意見做某事,一般要用介詞 on 或 by。如:

We did the work on [by] her advice. 我們按她的意見做此工作。

3. 表示提出建議,一般用動詞 give;

   表示向某人請教或征求意見,一般用動詞 ask (for);

   表示接受意見或勸告,一般用動詞take, follow, accept 等。如:

The old often give good advice to the young.

老年人常常對年輕人提出金玉良言。

You should ask for the teacher’s advice.

=You should ask the teacher for advice. 你應該去征求老師的意見。

If we had followed his advice, we could have done the job better with less money and fewer people. 要是聽取了他的意見,我們不僅可以節省人力、物力,而且還會把工作做得更好。

4. 其後若出現 that 從句,通常用“should+動詞原形”這樣的虛擬語氣。如:

My advice is that he (should) give up smoking. 我建議他戒煙。

  二、advise用法

1. advise doing sth.如:我建議等到適當的時候。

正:I advise waiting till the right time.

誤:I advise to wait till the right time.

[註意]:advise 之後不能直接跟不定式,但可接不定式的復合結構。

即:advise sb (not)to do sth.=advise sb against doing sth.

如:He advised us to sell the house. 他建議我們把房子賣了。

The doctor advised me to stop smoking. 醫生建議我戒煙。

註意 advise 後接不定式復合結構時的被動語態形式不要與上面第一個句型混為一談。如:

主動式:He advised us to sell the house.

被動式:We were advised to sell the house.

2. 其後若接 that 從句,通常要用虛擬語氣(should+v)。如:

He advised that I (should) write her a letter. 他建議我給她寫封信。

3. 請指點我選哪一個。

正:Please advise me which to choose.

正:Please advise me which I should choose.

我勸他不要一個人去。

正:I advised him not to go alone.

正:I advised him against going alone.

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